Nazification of Germany Main article: Gleichschaltung The Hitler cabinet used the terms of the Reichstag Fire Decree and later the Enabling Act to initiate the process of Gleichschaltung co-ordination which brought all aspects of life under party control. The Nationalists were victorious in 1939 and became an informal ally of Nazi Germany. The two groups saw themselves as potential rival parties in post-war Germany, and for the most part did not co-ordinate their activities. Education in Nazi Germany. The number of civilians killed during the Second World War was unprecedented in the history of warfare. The Czechoslovak government was forced to accept the Sudetenland's annexation into Germany. The day after, SA stormtroopers demolished union offices around the country; all trade unions were forced to dissolve and their leaders were arrested. These networks achieved little beyond fomenting unrest and initiating short-lived strikes. A World at Arms: A Global History of World War. Orderly and Humane: The Expulsion of the Germans after the Second World War. It was a republic with a semi-presidential system. Retrieved Speer, Albert (1971) 1969. About 30 percent of Catholic priests were disciplined by police during the Nazi era. The Nazis encouraged the development of synthetic replacements for materials such as oil and textiles.

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Students selected as future members of the party elite were indoctrinated from the age of 12 at Adolf Hitler Schools for primary education and National Political Institutes of Education for secondary education. Feminist groups were shut down or incorporated into the National Socialist Women's League, which coordinated groups throughout the country to promote motherhood and household activities. The law was only loosely enforced, and in spite of a ban on vivisection, the Ministry of the Interior readily handed out permits for experiments on animals. While top officials reported to Hitler and followed his policies, they had considerable autonomy. The party line was that the Jews were the instigators of the partisan struggle and therefore needed to be eliminated. The Degenerate Art Exhibition, organised by Goebbels, ran in Munich from July to November 1937. At the Potsdam Conference in August 1945, the Allies arranged for the Allied occupation and denazification of the country. Government-run health care insurance plans were available, but Jews were denied coverage starting in 1933. People such as prostitutes and pickpockets were judged to be inherently criminal and a threat to the community. A strategy was developed based on the tactic of Blitzkrieg lightning war which involved using quick coordinated assaults that avoided enemy strong points.

and their crews, as well as a tank contingent. Government See also: Government of Nazi Germany Hitler, Göring, Goebbels and Rudolf Hess during a military parade in 1933 Hitler ruled Germany autocratically by asserting the Führerprinzip leader principle which called for absolute obedience of all subordinates. Nazi book burnings took place; nineteen such events were held on the night of Tens of thousands of books from dozens of figures, including Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Helen Keller, Alfred Kerr, Marcel Proust, Erich Maria Remarque, Upton Sinclair, Jakob Wassermann,. The first major Nazi concentration camp, initially for political prisoners, was opened at Dachau in 1933. Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust. The Reich Citizenship Law stated that only those of "German or related blood" could be citizens. Financial exploitation of conquered territories Main article: Nazi plunder German loot stored at Schlosskirche Ellingen, Bavaria (April 1945) During the course of the war, the Nazis extracted considerable plunder from occupied Europe. "Legalizing a Volksgemeinschaft : Nazi Germany's Reich Nature Protection Law of 1935". The total number of Jews murdered is estimated.5 to six million, including over a million children. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Heinrich Himmler: A Life. Nazi leaders endorsed the idea that rational and theoretical work was alien to a woman's nature, and as such discouraged women from seeking higher education.



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Prominent feminists, including Anita Augspurg, Lida Gustava Heymann, and Helene Stöcker, felt forced to live in exile. Austrian and Czech foreign exchange reserves were seized by the Nazis, as were stockpiles of raw materials such as metals and completed goods such as weaponry and aircraft, which were shipped to Germany. Auschwitz: A New History. In 1937, Jewish doctors were forbidden to treat non-Jewish patients and in 1938 their right to practice medicine was removed entirely. By January 1941, Rosenberg estimated the looted treasures from France to be valued at over one billion Reichsmarks.

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With the outbreak of World War II, the SS Einsatzgruppen units followed the army into Poland and the Soviet Union, where from 1941 to 1945 they killed more than two million people, including.3 million Jews. "Barbarossa Revisited: A Critical Reappraisal of the Opening Stages of the Russo-German Campaign (JuneDecember 1941. Top German military leaders opposed the plan, as Germany was not yet ready for war. The Jewish community was fined one billion marks to pay for the damage caused by Kristallnacht and told that any insurance settlements would be confiscated. Deutsches Reich german Reich ) until 1943 and, großdeutsches Reich (Greater German Reich) from 1943 to 1945. Composer Richard Strauss was appointed president of the Reichsmusikkammer (Reich Music Chamber) on its founding in November 1933. During operation AB-Aktion, many university professors and members of the Polish intelligentsia were arrested, transported to concentration camps, or executed.